1ST QUARTER VOCAB WORDS:
Strength: the amount of force a muscle can exert
Flexibility: the ability to move a body part through a full range of motion
Cardio: pertaining to heart and lungs
Endurance: the ability of the muscles to apply a maximum force repeatedly or to sustain a muscular contraction for a certain period of time.
Exercise: purposeful physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive and that improves or maintains personal fitness.
Physical Fitness: that ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond to unexpected demands.
Physical Activity: any form of movement that causes your body to use energy.
Aerobic: any activity that uses large muscle groups, is rhythmic in nature, and can be maintained continuously for at least 10 minutes a day or for 20 to 30 minutes at one time.
Anaerobic: intense short burst of activity in which the muscles work so hard that they produce energy without using oxygen.
Coordination: that ability to use the senses, such as sight and hearing, together with the body parts in performing motor tasks smoothly and accurately.
Frequency: how often a person repeats a complete exercise session
Intensity: the level of exertion during exercise.
Overload: working the body harder than it is normally worked.
Isometric: muscle action in which the muscle attempts to contract against an immovable object.
Isokinetic: a muscle contraction against a resistance that moves at a constant velocity through a full range of motion.
Isotonic: a muscle contraction against a constant resistance, as in lifting a weight.
Static Stretch: a stretch that involves little to no movement
Dynamic Stretch: a type of sports fitness routine in which momentum and active muscular effort are used to stretch and the end position is not held.
Overexertion: overworking the body.
2nd Quarter Vocab Words
Muscular Endurance: the ability of the muscles to perform physical tasks over a period of time without becoming fatigued.
Body Composition: the ratio body of fat to lean body tissue, including muscle, bone, water, and connective tissue such as ligaments, cartilage, and tendons.
Calisthenics: a system of exercise movements, without equipment, for the building of muscular strength, endurance, and flexibility.
FITT: Frequency, intensity, time/duration, and type of activity.
Time: the time spend in a single exercise session
Type: what kind of exercise a person is doing.
HR (HEART rate): number of beats per minute
THR (Target Heart Rate): the heart range at which one aims to exercise, usually at 60-90 percent of the maximum heart rate.
RHR (Resting Heart Rate): number of contractions of the heart that occur in a single minute while the body is at complete rest.
MHR ( MAX HEART RATE): the highest heart rate of which an individual is capable. Max Heart Rate = 220-persons age.
Progression: the gradual increase in overload necessary to achieve higher levels of fitness.
Specificity: Particular exercises and activities that improve particular areas of health-related fitness.
Caloric: the number of calories burned to produce energy for a task.
Fast Twitch: muscle fiber type that contracts quickly and is used most in intensive, short duration exercises, such as weight lifting or sprints.
Slow Twitch: muscle fiber type that contracts slowly and is used most in moderate intensity, endurance exercises, such as distance running.
Sedentary: a way of life that involves little physical activity.
Metabolism: the process by which the body breaks down substances and gets energy from food.
Obesity: Having an excess amount of body fat.
BMI (Body Mass Index): a ration that allows you to access your body size in relation to your height and weight.
Anabolic Steroids: Synthetic substance similar to the male hormone testosterone.
: the end product of the metabolism of glucose for anaerobic conditioning.
3rd Quarter Vocab Words:
Carotid Pulse: the pulse on the side of the neck.
Radial Pulse: the pulse on the wrist.
Heat Stroke: a condition in which the body loses the ability to rid itself of excessive heat through perspiration.
Heat Cramps: Muscle spasms that result from a loss of large amounts of salt and water through perspiration.
Hypothermia: A condition in which body temperatures become dangerously low.
Cardiovascular Endurance: the ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to use and send fuel and oxygen to the body’s tissues during long periods of moderate to vigorous physical activity.
Circuit Training: involves 8-12 repetitions with various lifts at 7-14 stations, while moving quickly from one station to the next.
Interval Training: an excessive session in which the intensity and duration of exercise are consciously alternated between harder and easier work.
Energy: the capacity of a physical system to do work.
Repetitions: number of times an exercise is perform.
Teamwork: collaborative efforts of people to accomplish common objectives.
Balance- the ability to keep an upright posture while standing still or moving.
Hand-eye coordination- coordination refers to the control of eye movement and the processing of visual input to guide bodily movement
Defensive strategy- strategies used to defend oneself or one's goal against attack, as basketball, soccer, or football
Offensive strategy- Assess the strength and weakness of the opponent and use those to gain an advantage for attacking or scoring in a game.
Sportsmanship- Conduct and attitude considered as befitting participants in sports, especially fair play, courtesy, striving spirit, and being a cheerful loser, etc
Cool down- light activity followed by stretching, allowing the body systems to slow down gradually.(e.g. slow jog, walking, stretching)
Warm up- the beginning component of a workout that prepares the body for activity.
Nutrition - the study of how nutrients from food (your diet) affect your health (a diet high in saturated fat and LDL cholesterol can be very dangerous).
Visualization - to create images of performing a skill in your mind prior to performing the activity or skill (helps prepare you for the action)